In this age of social media, travel photographers actively share updates on Instagram and there’s no denying that we get compelled to indulge in those weird and wonderful unexplored destinations. Well, a trip to Chile can help you witness one of the most notable and mysterious figures in the history of mankind, which is the Moai statue, apart from its popular history of Chilean wines. Actually, they are human figures carved by the Rapa Nui located in the southeast Pacific. Today, we unravel the mystery of Easter Island associated with it.
Let’s Start With The Heads of Easter Island
You do not need an archeology degree to understand the mystery. Easter Island Stonehenge, known as Moai, has been a puzzle for hundreds of years. Archaeologists have attempted to work out their inceptions and why precisely their construction stopped. A marvel covered in a riddle, what’s significant all the more confusing is the area of the island…
A Bizarre Coincidence?
There are many similarities between all Moai heads. They are solid structures, implying that every statue was cut out of one substantial stone. Be that as it may, not every one of them is indistinguishable, some of them are extremely exceptional indeed. The tallest Moai statue is 33-feet tall and measures a stunning 82-tons. From a chronicled angle, the sculpted bodies have been settled on the Chilean Polynesian island since 1250 C.E.
A Strange Surprise Inside
We all know that a man’s curiosity is endless. Consequently, a group of archaeologists, officially known as the Easter Island Statue Project, put a mind-blowing measure of effort with a specific goal to excavate various Rapa Nui’s statues. Obviously, the excavation point made some staggering disclosures about the Moai. Those disclosures were so significant that none of the archaeologists had ever read about – be it in their University, the field of work or even in any online archaeology degrees.
Markings Revealed Everything
A portion of the disclosures that the EISP made are totally stunning. Under one of the statues, Van Tilburg’s group discovered an especially fascinating relic. The stone had a sickle shape cut deeply engraved on its surfaces. As per scientists, it was accepted to symbolize a kayak or a vaka.
Erupting At Any Moment
A trip to Easter Island gets more exciting as it is a home to three extinct volcanoes, the tallest remaining at an amazing 1674 feet. And if you visit the island by flight, the sights of the volcanoes are simply stunning. In any case, to be exact, Easter Island is actually one extensive fountain of liquid magma. The principle volcano passes by the name of Rano Kau and is situated inside the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Rapa Nui National Park.
Pushing 14 Tons of Concrete
As far back as the statues’ disclosure, it has been a puzzle as to precisely how the Moai would have been moved crosswise over Easter Island. Thinking of a transportation vehicle at that time would be silly. There have been numerous hypotheses how this could have been accomplished. One recommended that the statues would in all likelihood have required human work, ropes, and conceivably other equipment of transportation. Different speculations propose that individuals may have utilized logs to roll the Moai to their pointed goals.
Is It Possible?
Czech specialist Pavel worked together with Norwegian globe-trotter Thor Heyerdahl keeping in mind the end goal to build their own life-measure Moai statue. They took one rope, tied it around the head and after that wrapped another around the base of the statue. In a collaboration with 16 other individuals, they gradually moved the statue. But, soon realized that it would take too long.
What Happened To The People?
In spite of an assortment of speculations, it is, for the most part, concurred that the previous occupants of Easter Island were the designers of their own destruction, in any event to the extent living on the island was concerned. One hypothesis recommends tenants cleared the forests on the island, wrongly trusting that the trees would grow back rapidly.
Or Could It Be…
Another hypothesis that could clarify the tenants’ vanishing was an invasion of rats capable of causing an infestation. A few history specialists trust that an overflow of food could have pulled in a convergence of rodents that may have stowed away in the kayaks of the general population who initially settled on the island.
In spite of the fact that there are numerous clashing theories on Stonehenge encompassing the people groups’ vanishing, most anthropologists share a similar assessment on one specific actuality. Sooner or later in the Eighteenth Century, the Islanders began a mob, defying its pioneers. As assets lessened, pressures ascended amongst groups, and fights began to result.
Maybe It Was The Aliens
A totally left-field hypothesis proposes that the Moai could have been made by outsiders. The thought was proposed by Erich von Daniken in his book, Chariots of the Gods?: Unsolved Mysteries of the Past. And additionally his speculations about the Moai, von Daniken likewise attributes extraterrestrial impact to the development of the Egyptian Pyramids, and also the Nazca line illustrations. In any case, the reality remains that the stone used to develop the statues was from the actual island.
The Moai Roads
As per Thor Heyerdahl, Rapa Nui had antiquated streets that were utilized as the primary method of transport. They were found alongside numerous statues that were toppled over nearby them. Heyerdahl contradicted the theory on the Stonehenge by British archaeologist Katherine Routledge that the streets were really expected for ceremonial reasons.
There has likewise been a secret encompassing the composition framework utilized on Easter Island amid its inhabitance. Robert M. Schoch trusted that the tablets with engraved calligraphy could go back 10,000 years more established than already anticipated. What’s more, this would likewise make the island older.
Playing The Theory By Ear
Easter Island has given interesting knowledge into the skeletal structures of the general population who once lived there. As, the skull side view has all the earmarks of being long and limit, with a sign that the Rapa Nui individuals may have had longer ears than the normal person.
Who Will Be The Birdman?
These outlines are taken from the “Barbarian Cave,” showing what is generally viewed as the Tangata Manu, or in English, “Birdman.” This was the champion of a yearly rivalry on the island. Tenants would contend with each other to gather the main egg of the season. They would need to swim to an island near to, gather the egg and the first to come back to Rapa Nui would be hailed the Birdman and the pioneer of the group for a year.
Stands Out Like A Sore Thumb
A standout amongst the most one of a kind looking Moai statues is the Tukuturi. Accepted to have been a physical sign of an antiquated artist, the figure was found in a stooping position, looking like the celebratory position amid the celebration of rui. Wearing a facial hair, Tukuturi is much a littler structure than regular Moai statues.
A standout amongst the most particular archeological highlights that can be followed back to the Rapa Nui were the devices that the general population utilized. Known as Mata, these devices were built out of volcanic glass, which the general population made into an assortment of shapes and sizes. The majority of the tools found on the site were intentionally sharp, with a specific objective to cut filaments, cut wood and even to use for weaponry.
Grand Theft Moai
In a demonstration of sheer dauntlessness, a Finnish traveler went to Anakena shoreline and hacked an ear off one of the statues. Somebody saw Marko Kulju flee with the Moai’s ear and revealed him to the police. Therefore, Kulju was captured and for his wrongdoing, fined $17,000 USD. At last, the discipline was a slap on the wrist as he could have put in seven years bolted up. The episode guaranteed stricter security methodology for travelers at the national park.
One of the most iconic amongst the most famous of the Moai isn’t even on the island any longer. Known as Hoa Hakananai’a, this statue is in plain view at London’s British Museum. In November 1868, a group from the British ship HMS Topaze recovered the statue from ‘Orongo, Easter Island.
An Unexpected Cure
Another particular hypothesis encompassing the Moai was created by Dr. Anneliese Pontius. The psychiatry professor at Harvard Medical School hypothesized that the reason those islanders made the statues, in any case, was keeping in mind the objective to cure uncleanliness.
From The Old To The New
Easter Island ought not to be credited only for its rich history, which traversed more than a huge number of years. It likewise has a clamoring contemporary society that has seen radical changes in only one lifetime. One visit control remarked on how his 87-year-old awesome grandma spent her youth years experiencing childhood in a cave.
Tourism At Its Finest
There are numerous people who provide visitors with extraordinary bits of knowledge into Rapa Nui life while on their heritage expedition. Take this man for instance. Moi works for an organization called Ancestral Tours who indicate voyagers how the Rapa Nui experience their lives, both through water and the land. In his water-based visits, Moi takes explorers to snorkel at Ovahe Beach.
These days, there is a fair share of tenants on Easter vacation. 90% of the population lives in the capital, Hanga Roa, which in all trustworthiness isn’t the most energizing area in Rapa Nui. The town has an exceptionally fundamental foundation, having just a single bank and a couple of private organizations.
One prime case of the capitalization of Easter Island’s current blast in tourism and hospitality is the Hangaroa Eco Village and Spa. It is on top of the line of all the hotels in the island’s capital and the 75-room lodging is propelled by the first facilities that individuals of Rapa Nui lived in.
Things Have Changed
In spite of the numerous secrets encompassing Easter Island’s history, there is one certainty that students of history collectively concur on. At a certain point ever, Easter Island confronted outrageous deforestation. It has been recommended that islanders consumed the majority of the trees so as to clear a path for clear land and furthermore to influence kayaks to out of the wood.
Location, Location, Location
Obviously, Easter Island is a standout amongst the most remote areas on the planet. Pitcairn, which is 1,200 miles toward the west of the island, is its closest possessed neighbor. Its nearest territory is Chile, which is 2,300 miles away toward the east. So the inquiry remains: is Easter Island worth search a strenuous excursion?
So Why Is It Called Easter Island?
The significance of the island’s name can be credited to its pioneer, and all the more particularly when he found it. Dutch adventurer Jacob Roggeveen was the primary European to reach the area, and he discovered it on Easter Sunday, April 5, 1722. A part of Chile, the official name of the island is Isla de Pascua, which likewise means “Easter Island.”
The Original Settlers
In the Twentieth Century, a popular theory encompassing Easter Island was that Indians from the South American drift were the first settlers in the island. In any case, after detailed examination from archeologists and language specialists, this hypothesis has since been consistently exposed.
More To The Name
Yet, before the European explorers gave the Pacific Island the name we’re most acquainted with today, the area embraced different names sometime before. The most seasoned name in recorded memory is Te Pito o Te Henua, which truly signifies “The Center of the World.” Another name that occupants gave the island was Mata-Ki-Te-Rani, converting into the English “Eyes Looking at Heaven.” Eventually, Tahitian mariners called the island Rapa Nui in the 1860’s, and the rest was history.
Moai Have Bodies
The statues additionally have finish bodies that have been covered profound into the ground. Now and then, just their heads can be seen over the surface. It makes one wonder what else could be stowed away under the Earth, holding up to be found. After broad excavation lead by driving archeologists, it surfaced that the Moai’s bodies have vigorously point by point tattoos.
Jo Anne Van Tilburg is the executive of the Easter Island Statue Project (EISP). After her group’s persevering undertakings to unveil the secrets of the Moai, she discharged an announcement on the organization’s site. She stated, “Our EISP excavations recently exposed the torsos of two 7m tall statues. Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of visitors to the island have been astonished to see that, indeed, Easter Island statues have bodies! More important, however, we discovered a great deal about the Rapa Nui techniques of ancient engineering.”
Who Were The Architects?
Notwithstanding its rich history and a heap of speculations, there is still no complete answer with respect to who precisely developed the Moai statues. One prevalent hypothesis proposes that the statues were cut by the most expert carvers of the antiquated Polynesians’ specialty societies. Another proposal is that individuals from every tribe met up to make the Moai.
More Than Just A Pretty Face
There are numerous speculations surrounding the imagery of the Moai and the more profound implying that they speak to. Numerous archeologists trust that they were built to be images of specialist and power. Be that as it may, to the island’s occupants, they were something other than images. The Moai were thought to be physical signs of holy spirits.
There is a solid possibility that you may have found out about Easter Island and its fascinating highlights in a topography lesson. The island is drenched with goliath stone figures that look like heads. Named after the Polynesian word for “head,” the statues are known as the Moai.
World Heritage Status
Easter Island is home to the Rapa Nui National Park, which was added to UNESCO’s rundown of World Heritage Sites more than twenty years back. The island World Heritage status was secured because of its popularity around the globe and the famous Moai that grace the island.
Did you realize that the Moai wore caps? The headgear, known as pukao in Rap Nui, really spoke to hair. The Islanders would tie the “hair” around the head like a ball. A similar reason that chieftains would not trim their hair was credited to this training.
Let’s Get Spiritual
Amid Jacob Roggeveen’s endeavor to Easter Island in 1722, he remarked on the profound propensities of the Rapa Nui individuals. He said that “they depended in the event of need on their divine beings or symbols which stand raised up and down the ocean shore in awesome numbers, previously which they tumble down and summon them.”
Another Breed Of Statue
A structure that is frequently ignored on account of the grand Moai is the Mo’ai Kavakava. These little wooden figures likewise started from Easter Island, depicting lean men. The word kavakava actually means “ribs,” which bodes well due to the skinny appearance of the man.
The Legend Of Ahu Akivi
The site of Ahu Akivi has an especially exceptional part to play ever. Seven equivalent size Moai stand inland and confront the sunset amid the Spring Equinox. At that point, amid the Autumn Equinox, they confront far from the dawn.
Van Tilburg felt that it was important to squash the misconceptions surrounding the Moai. She made this clear by saying that “the reason people think they are [only] heads is there are about 150 statues buried up to the shoulders on the slope of a volcano, and these are the most famous, most beautiful and most photographed of all the Easter Island statues. This suggested to people who had not seen photos of [other unearthed statues] that they are heads only.”